Number of R&D personnel by category

(persons)

 

Number of R&D personnel

Including

have a scientific degree

researchers

technology

support staff

doctor of science

PhD / candidate of sciences

2010 1

182484

11974

46685

133744

20113

28627

2011 1

175330

11677

46321

130403

17260

27667

2012 1

164340

11172

42050

122106

15509

26725

2013 1

155386

11155

41196

115806

14209

25371

2014 1,3

136123

9983

37082

101440

12299

22384

2015 1,3

122504

9571

32849

90249

11178

21077

2016 2,3

97912

7091

20208

63694

10000

24218

1 Data for 2010-2015 include regular and temporary employees (employees holding a second job and persons who work under the civil and legal contracts including the scientific and pedagogical employees).

2 Data for 2016 exclude the scientific and pedagogical employees.

3 Excluding the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and part of the anti-terrorist operation zone.