Abstracts

 

Т. V. Kobylynska,

PhD in Economics,

Doctoral Student of Statistics Department,

National Academy of Statistics, Accounting and Audit

Rating Evaluation of Ecological Effects from the Operation of Agricultural Enterprises

Problems related with ecological effects of the operation of agricultural enterprises are analyzed. Statistical rating evaluation of regions from the perspective of ecological effects is made.

The ranks derived from the calculations range from 0 to 1, which enables to evaluate the condition of each Ukrainian region, a group of regions, and to derive the “average region” value by use of relative distance scales. The statistical data obtained from official statistical observations (absolute and relative data) and the results of the calculations do not include the temporary occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol and a part of the antiterrorist operation area. The integral ecological estimate of the operation of agricultural enterprises is derived for each of 24 Ukrainian regions and for Ukraine as a whole (in the latter case the estimated value is 0.416).

The variation pattern of the integral estimate is analyzed; the two groups of the regions by ecological effects from the operation of agricultural enterprises are identified: the regions with ranks higher than the country average, and the regions with ranks lower than the country average.

The statistical-ecological rating evaluation of the regions is made by statistical indicators reflecting ecological effects from the agricultural production in Ukraine, statistical-ecological ranking of the regions is made, and the matrix of ecological ranks of the regions is built. The rating evaluation is made, enabling to determine the position of each region by ecological effects of the operation of agricultural enterprises. It is highlighted that indicators of land resources use is an essential criteria for evaluation of ecological effects from the operation of agricultural enterprise. Trends in the indicators of land resources use are shown.

Key words: statistical analysis, agricultural enterprises, statistical rating, agricultural production, ecological effects, rating evaluation.

 

 

O. L. Popova,

DSc in Economics, Professor,

Chief Scientific Officer, Institute of Economics and Forecasting

of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Statistics and Economy of Fish Farming іn Ukraine

Pisciculture of Ukraine, according to the head of the State Agency of Fisheries, is being reformed. At the same time, it is estimated that 60-70% of the fish industry is “in the shade”. Therefore, reliable information is needed, first of all – official statistics on the fish industry development in the country, which would be in line with European approaches. Being recognized as a separate area of economic activity to supply important food products for the population through their extraction from reservoirs, the fish industry should be represented by official statistics in the range of indicators provided for agricultural products. The purpose of the article is to reveal the results of the analysis of existing statistics on the extraction of water bioresources, with an accent on problem aspects, as well as developing proposals for improving the economic bloc of domestic statistics in this economic activity area.

On the basis of the analysis of the available official statistic on the extraction of aquatic biological resources, including aquaculture, the problematic aspects of the economic block of indicators in the industry – costs and prices, are defined. It is also emphasized that both general and regional data on the number of business entities and water area are not available. Since 2016 official statistical information on the production of aquaculture is not provided, although earlier it was submitted in the thematic statistical collection; Administrative reports are now provided, but with all possible encumbrances. The proposals for improving the economic statistics on pisciculture are substantiated.

A review of available statistics on the development of the pisciculture in Ukraine is provided. The comparative analysis of data by various forms of statistical reports, allowed to identify the problematic aspects of sectoral statistics. Based on the results of the analysis, the proposals are maid to improve the economic statistics of the pisciculture in Ukraine. Taking into account the sectoral and statistical proposal will contribute to the formation of reliable data and transparency of this sector; allow to defend the need for its state support as an important part of the national economy.

Key words: fish farming, pisciculture extraction of aquatic bioresources, aquaculture, fish and fish products, average price of fish extraction, production costs of fish products.

 

 

M. V. Puhachova,

DSc in Economics, Senior Researcher

Statistical Analysis of the Development of Ukrainian Industry: Has It Reserves?

The current of prospective trends in investment processes at industrial enterprises of Ukraine are studied using the data from Business Tendency Surveys (BTS), which tend to be overlooked by domestic analysts. The study is made by the system of survey indicators, proposed by the author, and in comparison with the data on EU as the whole, and Lithuania and Poland in particular. The study’s objective is to find out whether or not Ukrainian enterprises need external or internal investment given a high ratio of production capacities utilization, if the respondents’ treatment of this indicator may be ambiguous.

Ukrainian industrial enterprises have the non-stop feeling of investment shortage and report very pessimistic expectations in this respect. The situation is ultimately different at industrial enterprises in European countries: at EU level the respondents’ attitudes are moderately positive regarding both expected and reported investment. As regards Lithuanian enterprises, they might have received sizeable financial “injections” and, therefore, have quite optimistic expectations for future.

The utilization of production capacities at enterprises is analyzed in parallel with the dynamics of investment processes, because when an enterprise has idle capacities, the question arises: does it really need any investment? The enterprise’s capacities may not be utilized optimally due to technical or technological reasons, but they are recorded anyway in calculating the utilization ratio; it is not known, therefore, what made respondents give such assessments. According to the information coming from Ukrainian surveys, with production capacities more than sufficient and utilization ratio lower than the normal, the significant lack of demand for products is reported. In European countries, where the demand has to stimulate further investment growth, much higher ratio of production capacities utilization is fixed.

Therefore, Ukrainian enterprises need investment because of no massive renovation of facilities, which means that their production capacities cannot produce the output that could have been generated in case of their moral and physical renovation. This could have resulted in the enhanced competitiveness of Ukrainian products and the higher demand for them.

Key words: investments, industrial enterprises, capacity utilization, demand, Business Tendency Surveys.

 

 

O. H. Osaulenko,

DSc in Public Administration, Professor,

Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine,

Honored Economist of Ukraine,

Rector,

National Academy of Statistics, Accounting and Audit

The Problem of Information Security in Official Statistics

The official statistics have importance role in the problems of national information security; being an integral part of the social information space, it faces security-specific risks immanent in any kind of information system.

It is emphasized that information security in the official statistical has to encompass all the phases and all the participants of the statistical production process, from the producers at the phase of data processing and storage to user security at the phase of data dissemination. Issues of statistical data confidentiality are analyzed as a fundamental principle of international and European statistics. It is demonstrated that the documents sharing functions among those concerned with the national statistical system, their responsibilities for statistical confidentiality and procedures for access to various types of information need to be elaborated and approved at legislative level. Apart from this, the system of administrative, technical and organizational measures providing for physical and logical protection of confidential data, in order to prevent their disclosure, in parallel with organizing the controlled access to data for research purposes has to be built and introduced in the statistical practice. The respective approaches used in the statistical system need to be harmonized and set in conformity with the global practice.

Subject to detailed analysis is the issue of statistical secrecy, discussed as a broad concept dealing with the necessity to protect individual data of the population, individual data of companies and classified information, which access may undermine political and social interests. It is emphasized that the Law of Ukraine “On State Statistics” fails to provide a comprehensive response to the problems of defining classified information and its protection procedures.

The relationship of internationally recognized principles of statistical activities and information security attributes is substantiated, especially from the global information quality perspective.

The conclusion is made that the statistical service, when interacting with users, needs to orient on the commonly accepted criteria for statistical data quality assessment, formulated in official international documents that have to be adapted by the national official statistics through elaborating and introducing respective legal acts.

Key words: official statistics, information security, confidentiality, statistical secret, quality of information.

 

 

O. S. Bilousova,

PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher,

Department of Public Finance,

Institute of Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine

Alternatives to Using Revenues of Governmental Property Management

The article deals with the problems of the target orientation and efficiency of the use of resources received from the management of state-owned objects, which are extremely relevant in the context of budget deficit, growth of expenditures on repayment and servicing of public debt, and the necessity of state support to economic development processes. The purpose of the article is to study the alternative of using revenues from the management of state property and to develop, taking into account the experience of the EU countries, proposals for improving the budget statistics of incomes and expenditures of the State Budget of Ukraine.

It was found that over the period of 2012-2016, the total revenues from the management of state-owned objects amounted to UAH 266.7 billion. In 2015-2016 gains from privatization decreased. The total revenue from the management of state-owned objects in 2016 compared to 2015 decreased by UAH 14 billion. and amounted to 64 billion UAH. It has been established that the limited amount of such revenues requires an increase in the level of their use for the purpose of economic development and strengthening of the stimulating influence on investment processes in the country.

It is concluded that alternatives to using revenues from state property management are the repayment of public debt; financing the creation and implementation of innovations; co-financing with private entities managing the modernization of the real economy sector on an innovative basis. It is proposed to introduce a special account within the budget to distinguish the formation and use of funds received from privatization and other types of management of state-owned objects. In order to improve the fiscal statistics of revenues and expenditures of the State Budget of Ukraine, we consider it expedient to supplement the annual report on budget execution with the application, which will reflect the volume of accumulated in the year of funds in terms of sources of formation, and the amount of expenditures spent on the areas of use in the context of investment projects.

Key words: governmental property, incomes and expenditures of the state budget, state debt, budgetary investments, budget statistics.

 

 

А. Yu. Deina,

Postgraduate Student,

Business Statistics and Economic Cybernetics Department,

Vasyl Stus Donetsk National University

Statistical Assessment of Energy Efficiency of Production and Consumption of Energy Resources in Ukraine

Energy independence of the country – one of the key links of the economy policy of many countries, including Ukraine, which full high-quality functioning of economy depends on. Full functioning of all economic institutes is possible only at reliable providing of fuel and energy resources. Economy life in general fades without skillful and rational use of energy resources. One of the main objectives of sustained economic growth and ensuring energy independence is connected with need of achievement of high, competitive level of efficiency of use of fuel and energy resources.

Complex assessment of efficiency of production and consumption of energy resources provides use of a set of the indicators characterizing versatility and complexity of energy efficiency category. The method of multidimensional average has been used for calculation of complex assessment of energy efficiency, at the same time the following indicators have been chosen: energy intensity of GDP, export and import of energy resources, production and consumption of energy resources, investments into the energy complex, oil prices, tariffs for natural gas and the electricity for the population, a share of natural gas in the structure of energy consumption and so on.

Complex assessment of efficiency of production and consumption of energy resources is executed on two blocks – for producers and for consumers (population). Extremely low level of energy efficiency for both producers and consumers (population) of energy services during 2010-2016 is observed. At the same time factors which influence the low level of integrated assessment of energy efficiency of production and consumption of energy resources are revealed. Achievements of the actual levels of integrated coefficients of energy efficiency substantially depended recently on introduction of extensive factors of development. Such situation has negative effect on achievement of energy independence of Ukraine.

The current state of efficiency of production and consumption of energy resources is characterized by existence of a wide range of problems. It is possible to distinguish the lack of the principles of resource-saving of producers and economical use at consumers of energy services/ It results to very high level of energy consumption, the high level of energy intensity, the need to import of fuel and energy resources from other countries because of insufficiency of own production, the low level of income of consumers and groundlessness of increase in tariffs for energy services that promotes increase in level of debt of the population for the provided services and an unprofitable financial condition of the enterprises of the energy complex.

Key words: energy efficiency, energy saving, integrated assessment of energy efficiency for producers and consumers of energy services, energy efficiency indicators.

 

 

V. V. Popova,

DSc in Economics, Professor,

Head of Economics and Business Department,

National Academy of Statistics, Accounting and Audit

Selecting the Emulation Strategy for Ukraine: Statistical Substantiation of the Comparative Base

Ukraine has been undergoing the prolonged crisis resulting in the array of socio-economic problems. The increasing integration and globalization of production processes have resulted in the erected artificial borders between countries, dividing them into rich and poor ones. To bridge the gap in the life standards between rich countries and Ukraine, the emulation strategy should be selected. The essence of the emulation strategy is in copying the methods of economic activities in the countries that are most acceptable for Ukraine; their measures, mechanisms and instruments of influence; legal acts and economic principles, with proper adaptation to the national environment.

The emulation strategy in Ukraine, as a means for addressing socio-economic problems, will be effective, once a comparative base is selected in a correct and substantiated manner. The comparison needs to be made by a set of qualitative and quantitative indicators. Bearing in mind the Ukraine’s location, demography component, historic specifics and mental attitude of its residents, the countries selected for international comparative analysis are Belarus, Poland and France.

The quantitative comparison of the economic performance in Ukraine and the selected countries is made by per capita GDP in international dollars by current exchange rate and PPP; and the total index of physical volume of GDP. The qualitative comparison is made by the criteria: institutional framework for the economy operation, or type of regulation; technologies, technological patterns or the science & technology advancement; endogenous and exogenous orientation of national macrosystems; type of consumption; product of consumption: intermediary (“raw materials and semi-finished products” or “means of production”) or finished (“products and services”).

The study shows that when the quality components are ignored, this will not only go contrary to the interpretation of the economic development from dialectics perspective, but also suppress the quantitative components, because economic development is a process of balanced qualitative and quantitative change. 24 types of the economic development of national macrosystems were statistically substantiated and identified over years of previous studies; the most developed ones have the type varying in the range of 20–24. It means that Ukraine, with 1 type of the economic development, needs to have it changed for 20–24.

Key words: socio-economic problems, type of the economic development, national macrosystem, emulation strategy, comparative base, institutional and economic differences.

 

 

Z. О. Palian,

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor,

Department of Statistics and Demography;

I. H. Bondarenko,

Master courses;

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv Statistical

Estimation of Modern Trends and Prospects of the Size and Structure Population of Ukraine

A balanced change in demographic processes should be considered as a prerequisite and, at the same time, as a result of the stable development of the state. Reproduction intensity depends not only on the character of demographic behavior, but also on the presence of contingents of the population, providing or potentially able to provide for its replacement. The dynamics of Ukrainian population, the transformation of its gender-age structure during the period of independence, taking into account the intensive and structural factors of natural increase and migration, is considered.

During 2002–2015, the regime of survival and fertility improved in Ukraine, due to which the depopulation slowed down somewhat. But even these positive changes do not compensate for the loss of population size as a result of systematic aging, reducing the proportion of reproductive contingent and its aging.

Significant demographic losses, direct and indirect, were caused by a hybrid war from Russia. Alienation of the territory of the Crimea and parts of Donbas is not only a minus 2.5 million citizens of Ukraine. This is a change in the structure of the population - a decrease in the proportion of older age groups that increase the demographic load and worsen the characteristics of survival and fertility of the maternal generation.

In this work are presented the results of the short-term simulation of population size and structure taking into account modern trends of replacements components and existing administrative-territorial changes. Two scenarios of the forecast for 2018 have been developed, and the base year it was taken in 2013, when the Crimea was part of Ukraine. The first, realistic scenario was based on the preservation of the current situation – Ukraine without the annexed Crimea and the occupied part of the Donbas. The second scenario imitates the return to Ukraine of all the lost territories. Simulation showed that the population of Ukraine will be reduced by both scenarios, but to 41.9 million people under the scenario without the occupied and annexed territories and to 44.7 million people in the second scenario. The finish of war will due to slow down the death rate to 14.9‰. The age structure of the population does not differ significantly in two scenarios, because the forecast horizon is very short (4 years). The share of generation of parents and women of reproductive age in both variants of the forecast decreases. However, in the case of returning Crimea, it will be even lower (47.4% vs. 47.5% in the first scenario). The reason for this is the emigration of young and middle-aged people to the mainland of Ukraine and to the Russian Federation, which provided some preferences to the settlers from Ukraine. Expected structural changes combined with the modern life and fertility regime will worsen natural population growth rates in both scenarios.

In further research is planned to build trend models of births and deaths that will allow the artificially restore the interrupted time series due to administrative-territorial incomparability of data on demographic events.

Keywords: sex and age structure, migration, natural increase, index models, population forecast.

 

 

O. I. Kulynych,

DSc in Economics, Professor,

Professor of Department for Mathematics, Statistics and Information Technology,

Khmelnytsky University of Management and Law

Constructing Functional Models of Economic Phenomena by the Method of Statistical Equations of Dependences

The functional theoretical model of the socio-economic development of regions is constructed by the method of statistical equations of dependences, for substantiating objectives, plans and standards. The nomenclature of factors with impact on the formation of gross regional product is proposed, the share of impact of each factor is determined.

In the new economic conditions, the concept of planning is determined from the perspective of outlining the ways to achieve its effectiveness. The process of planning needs to consist of formulating overall strategic intentions on determining specific and detailed actions aimed at generating income and spending over a certain period (a year or five years), outlining the ways and means for the achievement of goals. An important component in this process is control over the achievement of the goal by comparing reported and planned data, identifying and evaluating factors with either positive or negative impact on the economic performance. Solutions to the issues of planning and forecasting of phenomena and processes, structural change in the economy or stability of the economic system are a matter of vital importance for scientific communities, practical economists and power officials. This is a reason behind great attention drawn to constructing of economic development models, designed to analyze allocation of production resources and distribution of the national product for social purposes, which constitutes the main function of the state policy.

Basically, economic and statistical modeling can be made by use of the following models:

1) model of economic systems;

2) model of production process;

3) model of demand and consumption of goods and services;

4) model of prices and income;

5) model of financial flows;

6) model of national economy;

7) model of socio-economic development.

When modeling the socio-economic development at country or regional level, constructing and evaluating social and economic policies at either level, statistical methods need to be used, expert methods and methods of neural-fuzzy modeling in particular.

Use of the method of statistical equations of dependences allows for supplementing the given nomenclature of forms for economic and statistical modeling by the following types of modeling:

– substantiating the objectives, plans or standards of the development of economic phenomena through constructing of functional theoretical models;

– predicting change in the factors when determining the level of socio-economic phenomena in a future period.

Understanding the essence of an economic model is greatly important for generating information about the socio-economic development.

Key words: socio-economic development, statistical modeling, method of statistical equations of dependences, statistical functional model, statistical inverse problem.

 

 

I. G. Stolietova

Senior Lecturer,

 Statistics Department,

SHEI “Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman”

Improving the Monitoring of Implementation of the State Strategy for Regional Development in Ukraine

The article is devoted to analysis of the specifics involved in implementing the State Strategy for Regional Development in Ukraine, and monitoring of its implementation. Methodological, organizational and economic recommendations on improvements of the regional development strategy formulation in the context of decentralization and the increasing importance of territorial and administrative setting in Ukraine are elaborated. The specifics involved in elaboration and implementation of the State Strategy for Regional Development in Ukraine till the year of 2020 are analyzed from the perspective of the strategic goals included in it: (i) enhancement of the regions’ competitiveness; (ii) territorial socio-economic integration and spatial development; (iii) effective public administration of regional development.

A review of existing theoretical approaches to studying socio-economic development of regions is made, with outlining the existing drawbacks in monitoring. The emphasis is made on improvements in the system for assessment of the effectiveness of the achievement of goals and objectives of the regional development strategy, which will enable to make the decision making process in this field better grounded and improve control over its implementation.

It is argued that the system of statistical indicators needs to be constructed by the principle of consistency and informativeness, meaning that it has to be complete and capable to assess the development of Ukrainian regions in conformity with the fundamental provisions of regional policy. The statistical tools selected and formed in timely and adequate manner have critical importance for practical implementation of the regional policy provisions. It follows that the statistical indicators have to be systematized in a way to be capable for assessing quantitative and qualitative specifics of macroeconomic and regional development.

The system of indicators for assessment of the Strategy goals is formed, which expected estimates are targets of its implementation. It covers the indicators designed to assess the achievement of a result (such as number of finished projects), characterize the qualitative conditions of the regulated object (number of small enterprises per 10 thousand of the population), and the effectiveness of resource utilization (energy capacity). Also, the conceptual areas for improvement of the system for assessment of the effectiveness of the achievement of goals and objectives of the State Strategy for Regional Development are formulated.

Key words: indicators, monitoring, development, region, regional policy, strategy.

 

 

M. V. Shchuryk,

DSc in Economic, Professor,

Head of Department of Finance, Banking, and Insurance;

O. M. Vynnychuk,

Postgraduate Student;

King Danylo University, Ivano-Frankivsk

Investment and Innovative Principles of Regenerative Properties Activation of Fauna and Flora in the Carpathian Macro-Region

There is an urgency and the need for the introduction of radically new principles for the formation of regenerative properties of fauna and flora. It is noted that the basis, the foundation of life on earth, as an organic and inorganic world, is the natural-resource sphere. Reproductive process in the world of plants and animals depends on how the society will be able to assure conservation, applying and protection of natural areas. Now in Ukraine in general and in the Carpathian macroregion in particular depopulation processes are intensified, and regenerative properties of flora and fauna are reduced. First of all it concerns excessive felling of the forest, drying of forest wood, the disappearance and death of many species of animals, increase their number entered in the Red Book. Essentially, society has disturbed the balance of natural resources which is one of the reasons for the intensification of cataclysms in the plant and animal world. Authors of the article have a need to radically change the attitude of human to nature. Foremost it concerns people whose activities relate to the resources of nature: businessmen, pro-government and entrepreneurial structures, local authorities and the public. It is proposed to introduce in Ukraine a European format for solving problems of use, conservation, protection of flora and fauna. At the heart of its implementation, investment and innovation principles of the organization of the natural reproduction process are recommended, which, unlike the current ones, make chaotic, unsystematic, barbarous use and exploitation of biodiversity impossible. The article states that in our country, pro-government structures and the public underestimate the innovative model of development, which is a key factor in the organization of the reproductive process in many EU countries. Requests for science in Ukraine, especially when it comes to investing in the needs of the natural resource sector, are constantly ignored. Science degrades, as convincingly testifies to permanent underfunding and the closure of research institutes by adequate state structures. This explains why in Ukraine, to date, there are no constructive, inexhaustible, balanced principles of exploitation, use, preservation, improvement and modernly organized protection of the flora and fauna, the restoration of its regenerative properties. The authors suggest developing in our country a new model of relations between people – a biocenose sphere, which should be based on the latest achievements of science and technology. It is also suggested that the formation of scientific institutes by scientists, which would professionally, with the help of knowledge, provide protection and population of flora and fauna. An important component of the implementation of new principles, in connection with the reproduction of biocenosis, and the provision of a balance in the natural resource area, is adequate state financing, which would be planned, purposeful and sufficient. Investing in the needs of nature should provide the state as a guarantor for the conservation, protection and provision of a population of flora and fauna for the needs of all citizens of the country.

Key words: fauna, flora, regenerative properties, natural resource potential, protection, population.

 

 

S. M.Yahubov,

DSc in Economics, Professor,

Head of the Department of Statistics and Econometrics,

Azerbaijan State University of Economics

Ways to Overcome the Economic Crisis and the Role of Statistics in Decision-making: the Experience of Azerbaijan

The problems faced by the Azeri economy on account of the falling oil price, the slowing economic growth in the countries that are its key trade partners, and the parallel processes in finance and bank sector are discussed. It is shown that due to the reducing external investment, the rather strong dependence on imports and the shadow employment, the underdeveloped human capital, Azerbaijan risks to be moved to the group of countries with medium or even low rates of profitability.

Four strategic goals of the road map for the national economy, developed for the transition to the new concept of economic development, are highlighted. It is argued that the sustainable economic development can be achieved through implementing these goals and the strategic road maps on 11 industries of the national economy, by setting the balance between its non-financial and financial sector.

In analyzing the strategic road map for the national economy, it is emphasized that improvement in the statistics infrastructure is one of its action areas. Its main objective is to enhance the quality of statistical information for taking more effective decisions on extending the capabilities of supplementary support for the reforms. The importance of statistical reporting for analyses of the implementation of national programs and development guidelines adopted in Azerbaijan is emphasized. The role of statistics in analyses of the current performance and results of measures specified in the road maps at macroeconomic and sectoral level is underlined. The instruments for statistical data collection are enumerated. The branches of statistics where reorganization is a prime objective are determined. The need for actions to ensure international comparability of statistical data, integration of administrative data, development of the statistical information system on the basis of official methodology is substantiated.

Key words: macroeconomic stability, strategic roadmap, strategic goal, statistical data, statistical surveys, statistical infrastructure, information system.

 

 

R. M. Motoryn,

DSc in Economics, Professor,

Department of Statistics and Econometrics,

Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics;

T. M. Motoryna,

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor;

K. R. Prykhodko,

PhD in Economics, Assistant;

Department of Statistics and Demography;

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

New Trends in International Statistics

The article deals with the directions of development of modern international statistics. The main events in international statistics are described in detail: the 61st World Statistical Congress of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) and its satellite conferences. The main problems, strategic priorities and new approaches to solving methodological problems of international statistics are described. At the same time, the emphasis is on innovation in international statistics.

During the last decade, an explosion in computing and information technology has taken place. With her came a huge amount of data (Big Data) in various fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. What ethical problems arise in connection with the Big Data? What is the role of web scanners in collecting data for compilation of official statistics? What indicators are important for policy making? These and many other topics were discussed during the 61st World Congress of Statistics, ISI. Participants of the congress, which represents statistical, scientific and business communities, exchanged views on recent developments in the content and methodology of statistics.

International Statistical Institute has published the Strategy ISI 2017–2021. To increase activity and facilitate open dialogue, the International Statistical Institute organized an open meeting to discuss strategic priorities with its members. During these meetings, the opportunity was offered to provide practical guidance and suggestions on the most important activities, goals and achievements of the ISI and its associations.

The special event “Statistical Approaches to Environmental Impact and Climate Change Measurement” was held at the Congress, organized by the High Commission for Planning, the Moroccan Presidency of COP22 and the United Nations Statistics Division with the participation of the State Secretariat for Sustainable Development. During this event, issues concerning the statistical measurement and quantification of environmental indicators related to natural resources management, the effects of climate change and risks of natural disasters were discussed. Another problem that was considered at the congress was the problem of the development of information technology.

The article deals with new tasks facing official statistics. With the rapid development of the survey methodology, various government agencies are now exploring how to combine national data from surveys with administrative data and census data to create reliable statistics for small areas.

The problems of the association of researchers and practitioners who are interested in the interaction of computer sciences, statistics and data visualization are considered.

The article also deals with problems of international statistical education. The focus was on the following question: the era of Big Data, what does it mean for us statisticians-educators; creating socially responsible societies with statistics; employability skills for statistics graduates.

Key words: international statistics, Statistical Congress, directions of development, methodological problems, Big Data.

 

 

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.11.2018

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